Range/Habitat: European White-eyed Ducks (or Ferruginous Ducks) are found in eastern and southern Europe in freshwater lakes and marshes with extensive fringe and emergent vegetation. 

Behavior: They are found in pairs or small parties but do form large flocks of up to 300 ducks prior to migration at the end of post-breeding molting. They are most active in the morning and evening and spend the daytime loafing (resting) on banks or dozing in the water. They are shy, rather solitary and hard to spot. 

Breeding: Ferruginous Ducks form pairs in late winter and most are already paired before arriving at their breeding grounds. They breed from April to June and build nests among waterside vegetation. 

Conservation: Listing: Least Concern. Ferruginous Ducks are locally common; however, some smaller western populations have disappeared or declined due to wetland drainage. 

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