Habitat/Range: Golden, or Chinese pheasants, are found in mountainous regions in western China. Feral populations are established in many other countries including the Unites States.
Behavior: These pheasants feed on the ground on grains, leaves, and invertebrates. During the winter, flocks often forage close to human settlements and feed from agricultural fields. At night, they roost in trees.
Breeding: Males have bright plumage and are much showier than the females. Males attract females with a harsh, metallic call during the breeding season. Females lay 8-12 eggs per clutch which they incubate for 22-23 days.
Habitat/Range: Ring-necked pheasants are found in the US and southern Canada. They can adapt to a variety of habitats but prefer trees or dense shrub in the spring/summer and in forested wetlands, farm fields, and weedy areas in the fall. There are Ring-necked pheasants at Denzil Park! You will hear their unique call more often than you will see them.
Behavior: Ring-necked pheasants are not very efficient flyers and spend most of their time on the ground. They forage by scratching at the ground and picking fruits, seeds, leaves, insects, and roots with their beaks. They can dig up roots as far as 3 inches below the soil. They do fly when threatened or startled and have extremely powerful breast muscles. They can leap vertically and fly upwards at speeds of 40mph!
Breeding: Males establish breeding territories in the spring and attracts mates with multiple breeding displays. He attracts several females and they stick with him in a single-male harem throughout the breeding season. The female chooses her nest less than a half mile from her wintering range. She scratches out a shallow depression on the ground surrounded by tall vegetation. Chicks are born precocial (well developed) and follow their mothers immediately after hatching.
Conservation: Listing: Least Concern. Ring-necked pheasants were introduced to North America from Asia in the 1880s. Since then, they have been a very popular game bird. The Conservation Reserve Program, funded by the Farm Bill, helps to conserve and restore pheasant habitat.
Conservation: Listing: Least Concern.