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Sex: Males and Females
Favorite Food: Turkey pellets
Favorite Activity: Scavenging for food!
Range/Habitat: Wild Turkeys are found in every state in the US except for Alaska. They are also found in southern Canada and parts of Mexico. They prefer open woodland habitat.
Behavior: Wild Turkeys used their beaks to forage for nuts, berries and seeds. You can try attracting Wild Turkeys to your yard by planting a nut or berry producing tree, or by scattering bird seed. These large birds get around mainly by walking but can fly when needed. When they’re threatened, males usually run away while females fly. Predators of Wild Turkeys include bobcats, coyotes, foxes, and raccoons. They usually form large flocks, particularly in the winter. In the breeding season, males breed with multiple females. Outside of the breeding season, they usually form all male flocks and leave the child rearing to the female.
Breeding: Wild Turkeys create nests on the ground in dead leaves by scratching out a shallow depression with their talons. They lay 4-17 eggs which hatch precocial, or very well developed. Chicks are able to leave their nests and follow their mothers within 24 ours of hatching. In northern states, like Utah, breeding doesn’t begin until late March/April and chicks hatch sometime in May.
Conservation: Listing: Least Concern. Wild Turkeys are abundant across the US. Previously, their range was not as wide spread but successful transplanting by game managers allowed their range to greatly expand. Now, they are found in every state in the continental US plus Hawaii.